Thursday, December 15, 2016

Clean development mechanism & carbon finance

   Under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) that industrialized countries – who are responsible for the vast majority of emissions that cause climate change – should take the first steps towards sustainable energy consumption, use of clean technologies and sustainable land management practices, which are needed to mitigate the impacts of climate change. CDM allows developed countries to generatecarbon credits’ (Certified Emission Reductions, CERs) in developing countries
   Agriculture Technology Transfer Society (ATTS) in association with Core CarbonX Solutions Private Limited is launching a small scale Programme of Activities (POA) which involves the installation of Domestic Biogas plants for the households in Sudan under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Under the POA the small scale projects under the above mentioned category will be developed. The first CDM Programme of Activity (CPA) has been proposed at North Kordofan under the POA. The POA and CPA intend to reduce the amount of fuel wood and agriculture residues used for cooking with cleaner biogas and also reduce methane emissions from the animal manure and will contribute strongly to the sustainable development of the rural households involved in the project.The POA and CPAs would contribute to the global efforts towards combating global warming. In order to understand the concerns and opinions of the local stakeholders a consultation meeting was held at Policeman Headquarter Hall on 21 March 2013 at 9.00 AM.
   The first milestone concerning a questionnaire was completed. The project documentation was delivered to the designated national authority (DNA) at the higher council for environment and natural resources for the issuance of letter of approval. Next milestone will deal with validation and verification.

ATTS agroforestry project: Planting Moringa and Jatrofa

    ATTS is advocating for a moringa/ jatrofa agroforestry, model which has proven to be successful to address the challenges of:, alleviating poverty, securing livelihoods and economically empowering women, in a successful partnership with local communities, academic, private sectors and national financial institutions.
   The pilot project utilized an area of 3 feddans in Khartoum North, 5km North of the capital City of Khartoum with the aim to be replicated in other states of Sudan utilizing a microfinance investment. The pilot project initially planted an area of 3 feddans (1 feddan = 0.42 ha). The area is enough to be managed by one family and would fulfil their need of cereal and vegetable consumption.
Moringa trees were planted along side ridges of the watering canals together with the vegetables and main cereal crops, preferred at each particular location. Jatrofa is used as a life fence.  Moringa is a multipurpose tree known for nitrogen fixing, grows best in dry sandy soil and is drought resistant; it provides shade, nutritious food, medicine and oil for cooking and other products and can even purify and clarify water. The leaves are harvested to be sold as green tea and the stripped branches as animal fodder together with seed pods. The seeds are also sold to private sector, or crushed and sold as oil used for cooking and the cakes as animal feed. The model also includes provision of livestock and continuous supply of water. Jatrofa is used as biodiesel, lighting and soap making. Implementation in rural areas will target groups of ten families on 30 feddans where a well will be drilled and shared by ten families who are asked to be comanised in a farmer association. The project is linked with the Central Bank microfinance in support of the intervention.

Effective microorganism (EM) technology

ATTS is advocating for effective microorganism (EM) technology . EM is a combination of various beneficial, naturally occurring, microcomanisms mostly used or found in food.
     Fixation of atmospheric nitrogen
     Buffering capacity of soil pH
     Solublization of insoluble nutrients into soluble ones to be uptake by the plant
     Decomposition of comanic wastes and residues
     Suppression of soil-borne pathogens
      Degradation of toxicants including pesticides
      Production of antibiotic and other proactive compounds
     Get rid of bad odour in animal housing
     When fermented with animal food used to increase intake
     When added to drinking water of poultry improves eggs quality and quantity
Experiments done using EM in agriculture (2008- 2010)
 2008: 1- Tomato in Elsagai (Khartoum North).
2- Sun Flower and Zea maize in Zad Alkhier (Wad Raawa).
1- Land Escape in Dal Khartoum.
2- Galia Melon (Seeliat Shemal).
3- Green Beans (Dabak).
4- Potato (Elkhoglab).
      1- Ground Nuts (Fool Sudani) in Gazera and Elmanagel.
      2- Dorah (Scomhum) in Gazera and Elmanagel.
      3- Tomato in Elmanagel.
1-     Decrease in harvesting time by about 30% - 40%.
2-     Increase in the total yield by almost 100%.
3-    Upgrading  quality ,increase in  size, product is more healthy and as a result
shelf life is extended
4- Increase in the total contents of the product and free from infectious diseases